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Bulletin of Botanical Research ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 211-215.doi: 10.7525/j.issn.1673-5102.2016.02.009

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Determining the Main Organic Compounds in Ammodendron bifolium Seeds

ZHU Yan-Lei1,2;AN Deng-Di2;SHE Xiao-Ping1*   

  1. 1.College of Life Sciences,Shaanxi Normal University,Xi’an 710119;
    2.College of Life Sciences,Xinjiang Normal University,Urumqi 830054
  • Online:2016-03-15 Published:2016-05-20

Abstract: Ammodendron bifolium(Pall.) Yakovl. is a rare psammophyte distributed in Xinjiang of China. In order to study the adaptation of the species to desert environment, the contents of main organic compounds in its seeds were determined. Carbohydrate, soluble protein and crude fat accounted for 16.8%, 23.7% and 15.5% of seed dry weight respectively. Soluble carbohydrate accounted for 10.1% of seed dry weight, and sucrose accounted for 43.4% of soluble carbohydrate content. Contents of amino acids in proteins and free amino acids accounted for 26.5% and 0.4% of seed dry weight, respectively. Unsaturated fatty acid was more than 90% of total fat content, and oleic acid and linoleic acid were its main component.

Key words: Ammodendron bifolium, carbohydrate, protein, amino acid, fatty acid