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植物研究 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 596-603.doi: 10.7525/j.issn.1673-5102.2021.04.015

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    

NaCl胁迫对白玉兰形态及生理特性的影响

金荷仙1, 沈徐悦1, 陈蓉蓉1, 吴振1, 申亚梅1, 张冬梅2()   

  1. 1.浙江农林大学风景园林与建筑学院,临安 311300
    2.上海市园林科学规划研究院,上海 200232
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-05 出版日期:2021-07-20 发布日期:2021-03-24
  • 通讯作者: 张冬梅 E-mail:418517920@qq.com
  • 作者简介:金荷仙(1964—),女,博士后,主要从事风景园林历史与理论、植物造景设计。
  • 基金资助:
    上海市科委重点研发项目(20dz1203700);城市困难立地绿化物种适应性评价方法研究(H20180177);浙江省重点研发项目(2019C02023);浙江省“十三五”林木新品种选育课题(2016C02056-12)

Effects of NaCl Stress on Morphological and Physiological Characteristics of Magnolia denudata Desr.

He-Xian JIN1, Xu-Yue SHEN1, Rong-Rong CHEN1, Zhen WU1, Ya-Mei SHEN1, Dong-Mei ZHANG2()   

  1. 1.Zhejiang A&F University,Lin’an 311300
    2.Shanghai Academy of Landscape Architecture Science and Planning,Shanghai 200232
  • Received:2020-09-05 Online:2021-07-20 Published:2021-03-24
  • Contact: Dong-Mei ZHANG E-mail:418517920@qq.com
  • About author:JIN He-Xian(1964—),female,postdoctoral researcher,mainly engages in history and theory of landscape architecture,plant landscape design.
  • Supported by:
    Key Research and Development Projects of Shanghai Science and Technology Commission(20dz1203700);Study on the Evaluation Method of Species Adaptability of Challenging Urban Site Greening(H20180177);Key R&D Projects in Zhejiang Province(2019C02023);Breeding of New Tree Varieties in the 13th Five Year Plan of Zhejiang Province(2016C02056-12)

摘要:

为探究白玉兰对盐环境的耐受性,通过营养液培养法模拟盐胁迫,对不同胁迫强度下白玉兰的生长状态和生理生化应答特征进行测定分析。在整个胁迫过程中,幼苗受盐害症状最高等级为2级,即叶片出现变黄焦枯;随着胁迫时间的延长,幼苗叶片的相对电导率、丙二醛含量和脯氨酸含量呈上升趋势。叶绿素b含量、可溶性糖含量、可溶性蛋白含量、SOD活性和POD活性呈先升后降趋势。叶绿素总量和叶绿素a含量在100和200 mmol·L-1 NaCl胁迫下呈先升后降趋势,在300 mmol·L-1 NaCl胁迫下呈下降趋势。白玉兰有一定的耐盐能力,可在轻度盐土栽培应用。

关键词: NaCl胁迫, 白玉兰, 生理特性, 耐盐性

Abstract:

In order to explore the adaptability of Magnolia denudata Desr. to salt stress, nutrient solution was used to simulate salt stress, and the growth traits, the physiological and biochemical response characteristics were determined and analyzed under different stress levels respectively. During the whole stress process, the symptom level of salt damage was reached up to grade 2, the leaves appeared yellow and scorched. With the stress time longer, the relative electric conductivity and contents of MDA and proline in leaves increased respectively. The contents of chlorophyll b, soluble sugar, soluble protein, SOD and POD activity increased first and then decreased. The contents of chlorophyll and chlorophyll a increased first and then decreased under 100 and 200 mmol·L-1 of NaCl stress respectively, but decreased under 300 mmol·L-1 of NaCl stress. M. denudata had certain ability of salt tolerance, and it could be used in mild saline soil.

Key words: NaCl stress, Magnolia denudata, physiology characteristics, salt tolerance

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