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Bulletin of Botanical Research ›› 2023, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (1): 150-160.doi: 10.7525/j.issn.1673-5102.2023.01.016

• Plant reproductive biology • Previous Articles    

Reproductive Biological Characteristics of Dendrobium chrysanthum

Jianwei YANG, Zongyan LI(), Yao FENG, Shuxian REN, Menglu HU, Songpu YE   

  1. School of Landscape Architecture and Horticulture Sciences,Southwest Forestry University,Kunming 650224
  • Received:2021-12-07 Online:2023-01-20 Published:2022-12-23
  • Contact: Zongyan LI E-mail:lizyan74@sina.com
  • About author:YANG Jianwei(1995—),male,master candidate,mainly engaged in genetic breeding of garden plants.
  • Supported by:
    National Key R&d Program of Ministry of Science and Technology of China(2019YFD10010003)


In order to clarify the reproductive biological characteristics of Dendrobium chrysanthum, the flowering habits, the pollen vitality, the characteristics of stigma secretion, the fruit setting rate as well as the development and storage of seed were investigated. The results were listed as followed: (1)Its budding period and the emergence were 19 d, 23 d respectively. The population's flowering period was 28d, whereas the single flower span was from 10-15 d. (2)From the first day to the third day of flowering, the pollen viability was about 90% but decreased to 23.7% at the ninth day of flowering. The data of pollen viability significantly differed between at three former day and other latter time(P<0.01), pollen viability varied from high to low level with the blooming. (3)The stigma of D. chrysanthum produced secretions from the 2nd day of flowering, and had the maximum yield at the 6th day, and stigma staining showed that the stigma receptivity was optimal at the 5-6 d of flowering, and stigma receptivity changed from weak to strong to and then to weak with the prolongation of bloom stage. (4)An artificial pollination was made at the fourth day after flowering. but no fruit was found after cross-pollination and same-flower pollination. In the field, the seedpod weight was from 2.02-4.83 g, seed length varied from 0.628-0.845 mm and its width was from 0.082-0.110 mm, and the ratio of length to width was 7.798 and the rate of embryo formation reached to 97.35%, and the seed vigor was 90.80%, and the seed vigor maintained at 73.20% at room temperature for 6 months. All results mentioned above indicated that the flowering period of D. chrysanthum was short, and the pollen vigor remained the highest after flowering, and the pollen matured earlier than stigma. There was no apomixis occurred in D. chrysanthum, and the artifical self-pollination caused sterile. Although it could bear well-developed seedpods under natural condition with a high seed vitality. Dried seeds could keep a good storage resistance under natural condition. This study confirms the biological characteristics of flowering and dichogamy of D. chrysanthum, and its breeding system belongs to self-incompatibility, and could provide the strategies for conservation of wild germplasm resources and a precise hand-pollination of D. chrysanthum.

Key words: Dendrobium chrysanthum, flowering habit, pollen vigor, stigma receptivity, seed vigor

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