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植物研究 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (6): 805-812.doi: 10.7525/j.issn.1673-5102.2020.06.002

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    

中国15种变豆菜属植物的花粉形态及系统学分析

杨晨1, 陈志祥1, 姚雪莹1, 王河山2, 王奇志1()   

  1. 1.华侨大学化工学院,厦门 361021
    2.福建中医药大学药学院,福州 350000
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-31 出版日期:2020-11-20 发布日期:2020-11-04
  • 通讯作者: 王奇志 E-mail:wqz@hqu.edu.cn;wqz@hqu.deu.cn
  • 作者简介:杨晨(1996—),女,硕士研究生,主要从事植物分类与植物系统发育的研究。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(31500162);国家标本平台教学标本子平台项目(2005DKA21403-JK);华侨大学研究生科研创新能力培育计划资助项目(19013087019);中国大学校园植物网站建设的子课题(K纵20180947);2018年中医药公共卫生服务补助专项“全国中药资源普查项目”(财社〔2018〕43号)

Pollen Morphology and Systematic Analysis of Fifteen Sanicula Species from China

Chen YANG1, Zhi-Xiang CHEN1, Xue-Ying YAO1, He-Shan WANG2, Qi-Zhi WANG1()   

  1. 1.College of Chemical Engineering,Huaqiao University,Xiamen 361021
    2.College of pharmacy,Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine,Fuzhou 350000
  • Received:2019-12-31 Online:2020-11-20 Published:2020-11-04
  • Contact: Qi-Zhi WANG E-mail:wqz@hqu.edu.cn;wqz@hqu.deu.cn
  • About author:YANG Chen(1996—),female,master,student,main engaging in plant classification and plant phylogeny research.
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(31500162);Specimen Platform of China,Teaching Specimens Sub-platform(2005DKA21403-JK);Project for Cultivating Postgraduates’ Innovative Ability in Scientific Research of Huaqiao University(19013087019);Sub-topics on the construction of Chinese university campus plant websites(K Longitudinal 20180947);National Special Fund for Chinese medicine resources Research in the public Interest of China(2018-43)

摘要:

利用光学显微镜和扫描电子显微镜对变豆菜属15种植物的花粉形态进行观察。结果表明,变豆菜属15种植物的花粉大小为(28.51~54.29) μm~(12.23~28.98) μm,极轴与赤道轴比值(Polar axis/Equatorial axis)为1.48~2.46,具三孔沟。花粉粒赤道面观有近矩形、赤道收缩形、长椭圆形等类型,其中近矩形和赤道收缩形占多数;极面观为圆形或三角圆形。在扫描电镜下,其外壁表面纹饰为网状。我们研究结果支持在伞形科变豆菜亚科中,变豆菜属植物的花粉具有中等进化、比较进化的形态特征,花粉形态可为个别物种的分类处理提供孢粉学证据。

关键词: 伞形科, 变豆菜属, 花粉形态, 系统发育

Abstract:

The pollen morphology of 15species of Sanicula was observed by light microscopy(LM) and scanning electron microscopy(SEM). The pollen size of 15 species of Sanicula was(28.51-54.29) μm-(12.23-28.98) μm, and the ratio of polar axis to equatorial axis(Polar axis/Equatorial axis) was 1.48-2.46 with a three-hole ditch. Views of pollen grains include near-rectangular, equatorial contraction, long ellipse etc. Among them, near-rectangular and equatorial contraction are the majority. Polar views are round or triangular. Under the scanning electron microscope, the outer wall surface is reticular. Our studies support that in the Saniculoideae(Apiaceae), the pollen of the genus Sanicula has moderately evolved and relatively evolved morphological features. The pollen morphology can provide palynological evidence in the classifying individual species.

Key words: Apiaeceae, Sanicula, pollen morphology, systematic analysis

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