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Bulletin of Botanical Research ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 696-705.doi: 10.7525/j.issn.1673-5102.2020.05.008

• Research Report • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Comparative Analysis on Volatile Terpenoids in Nine Aromatic Plants of Lamiaceae

ZHU Xiao-Jie1,2, ZHOU Xiang-Yu1, FAN Hang1, GAO Xi-Feng3, YANG Lei1   

  1. 1. Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden, Shanghai Chenshan Plant Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Functional Genomics of Resource Plants, Shanghai 201602;
    2. School of Life Sciences, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234;
    3. Shanghai Institute of Life Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai Research Center for Plant Adversity Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201602
  • Received:2020-03-31 Online:2020-09-05 Published:2020-07-10
  • Supported by:
    Science and technology project of Shanghai Landscaping and City Appearance Administrative Bureau(G192419)

Abstract: The volatile components from the leaves of 9 aromatic plants was extracted by n-Hexane and analyzed by GC-MS. The volatile components were identified and compared. This study not only provides reference for the efficient utilization and rational development of aromatic plants, but also provides the basis for the study of the metabolism of plant terpenes. Among the nine aromatic plants, 77 volatile terpenoids were detected. Agastache rugosa contains the most species composition, which is 46, followed by Rosmarinus officinalis(35), Thymus mongolicus(33), Salvia officinalis(33) and Monarda didyma(31), caryophyllene and humulene are common components of the nine plants. The highest concentrations of volatile terpenes were found in Rosmarinus officinalis, followed by Salvia officinalis and Agastache rugosa. The total absolute content of monoterpenoids was significantly higher than that of sesquiterpenoids. Thus, Rosmarinus officinalis, Salvia officinalis, Agastache rugosa, Thymus mongolicus and Monarda didyma are suitable materials for the volatile terpenes extraction. Comparatively, Origanum vulgare, Salvia elegans and Salvia sclarea are not suitable for volatile terpenes extraction. The ability of these aromatic plants to generate monoterpenoids in normal environment is higher than that to produce sesquiterpenoids. It may be related to the terpenoid synthase that contains. This result can provide data supporting for the study of terpenoids metabolism.

Key words: aromatic plants, GC-MS, volatile terpenoids, monoterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids

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