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Bulletin of Botanical Research ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (5): 790-794.doi: 10.7525/j.issn.1673-5102.2016.05.022

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Preliminary Studies on Hybridization among Sympatric Distributed Calligonum Species in Northern Xinjiang

KANG Xiao-Shan1,2, Sophia3, DUAN Shi-Min1,2, PAN Bo-Rong1,2, ZHANG Yong-Zhi2, TIAN Cong4   

  1. 1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Key Laboratory of Biogeography and Bioresource in Arid Land, Urumqi 830011;
    2. Turpan Eremophytes Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Turpan 838008;
    3. College of Life Science and Technology, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046;
    4. Grassland Institute, Xinjiang Academy of Animal Science, Urumqi 830000
  • Received:2016-04-26 Online:2016-09-15 Published:2016-09-27
  • Supported by:
    This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China NSFC(No.31200237 and 41271069)

Abstract: Hybridization is one key issue in taxonomy of the genus Calligonum. To certificate whether or not hybridization are existing among sympatric distributed Calligonum species, observations of flowering phenology both in natural habitats and botanical garden, artificial pollination hybridization experiments and fluorescence microscope observation on cross-pollination of pollen tubes were carried on. Florescence among the sympatric species was overlapped. Fruit rate by artificial pollination was very low, and could not germinate. Pollen tube fluorescent experiments showed that hybrid pollen could germinate on the stigma, but the pollen tube could not stretch to the ovary. Above all, affinity of interspecific gametes was low, reproductive isolation was existing, and hybridization was absent. This study has important implications for understanding the isolation and differentiation of sympatric Calligonum species.

Key words: Calligonum L., flowering phenology, hybridization, fluorescence microscopy

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