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Bulletin of Botanical Research ›› 2006, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (5): 633-640.doi: 10.7525/j.issn.1673-5102.2006.05.024

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Pollen contamination and it’s control in the management of forestry seed orchard

LI Yu-Wen;WANG Hong-Mei;FENG Fu-Juan   

  1. (School of Forestry,Northeast Forestry University,Harbin 150040)
  • Received:1900-01-01 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2006-09-20 Published:2006-09-20
  • Contact: LI Yu-Wen
  • Supported by:

Abstract: The pollen contamination in a seed orchard is a principal factor influencing the genetical quality of a seed orchard. Genetic losses arise from the influx of ‘wild’ conspecific pollen into seed orchards.In this paper a review was made of the general researches on pollen contamination, contamination level, the extent of its influence and the measures to reduce it in the orchards at home and abroad. Researches showed that the DNA marker proved to be very useful in assessing seed orchard mating dynamics and orchard management efficacies for conifer seed orchards(e.g.,chloroplast DNA(cpDNA),RAPD,SSR); in a seed orchard the contamination level is higher than that formerly estimated ; pollen yield seems to have no influence on contamination level; space and reproductive isolation are not so effective as to be expected. At present time, supplemental mass pollination(SMP)and thinning are two effective measures to reduce pollen contamination. To improve the parental balance of seed orchard crops, the use of artificial management techniques such as gibberellin A4/7 treatment, rearrangement of clonal ramets is recommended in seed orchards. Work on the other facets of contamination measurement,gene-flow studies, are listed. The authors made some recommendations about research on and management of pollen contamination in seed orchards in our country. Mechanical(pollen dispersal), phonological (the timing of flowering) and viability factors related to the pollen genotype should all be considered when assessing pollen contamination in seed orchards.

Key words: forest seed orchard, pollen contamination, pollen management, gene flow, supplemental mass pollination, thinning

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